Etruscan, first decades 8th century BC
H. 61cm; Ø: incl. handles 84cm
Cf. Etrusker in der Toscana, Etruskische Gräber der Frühzeit, Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe, Hamburg, 1987, Kapitel 7 Volterra, Grab U1, Nr. 1.
A Villanova impasto dolium is a large ceramic container or jar that was produced in central Italy during the Iron Age, specifically between the 9th and 8th centuries BCE, by the Villanovan culture. The dolium is characterized by its rough, unpolished surface, which is achieved by mixing coarse sand or grit into the clay.It has a round or oval shape, an everted rimmed neck, a wider body and twin horizontal ring handles. It was used for storing and transporting various goods, such as grain, wine, oil, and other foodstuffs. The dolium was often buried underground or placed in a deep pit to help keep the contents cool and protect them from sunlight and air. To make the dolium more durable and less porous, it was often coated with a layer of resin or pitch.Dolia come in various sizes, with some examples being over 180 cm tall and capable of holding over 3500 liters of liquid. They were an important part of the Villanovan economy and played a role in trade and commerce throughout the ancient Mediterranean world.Villanova impasto dolia provide important insights into the material culture and economic practices of the Villanovan people, as well as their artistic and technological achievements in pottery production.
Item reference: CL1062